James Arthur Greenhalgh
James Arthur Greenhalgh was born in Bolton in 1889.
He was the son of Joseph and Hannah Greenhalgh of 13 Croston Street, Daubhill, Bolton.
His father, Joseph Greenhalgh, was a foreman storekeeper in a textile machine manufacturing works. He later became an employer in the same business in Manchester and retired to Timperley, Cheshire.
James’s primary education was at St George the Martyr School, Daubhill, Bolton.
He attended Bolton Church Institute probably from 1900 to 1907.
He studied at Manchester University from 1907, gaining a BA in 1910. He was awarded an MA in 1912.
During a short teaching career, James was a classics master at Lord Williams’s Grammar School, Thame, Oxfordshire between 1910 and 1912 and at Ashton-in-Makerfield Grammar School, Lancashire from 1912 to 1914.
He was appointed Secretary of the International Textile Institute (Manchester) in 1914.Greenhalgh family tree - pdf
James had been a member of Manchester University Officers Training Corps and was on the Reserve of Officers.
He was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 1st Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment on 6 August 1914.
He left for France on 7 September 1914 to oppose the German attempt to reach the Channel ports. His battalion took part in the Battle of the Aisne, the fighting at La Bassee, Festubert and Violaines.
On the 20 October the Germans launched a huge offensive stretching from Arras to the Channel. This included a massive assault on the 1st Cheshire’s positions at Violaines.
James was among 53 men of his battalion killed in action at or near Violaines on 22 October 1914.
De Ruvigny’s Roll of Honour
Extract from Obituary
"At Violaines on October 19th, his captain being wounded, he took charge and drove the Germans out of their position, but not being strong enough to hold it, retired his men back to their trenches, bringing the wounded with them, and was killed in action there three days later on October 22nd 1914."
Captain Lewis Lloyd wrote to his parents:
"On Friday night your son was my subaltern, when we had a pretty hot time with the enemy. I was wounded by the first volley, and your son took my place and behaved splendidly. He carried on as well or better than I could have done had I been unwounded, and it was entirely due to his behaviour that we were able to drive off the enemy and to retire with all our wounded. I can never thank him enough. I personally brought his conduct to the knowledge of the General, and trust he will receive the honour he deserves."
James Arthur Greenhalgh
Born: Bolton 1889
Died: Violaines, France 22 October 1914
Bolton Church Institute School War Memorial • 1914 ~ 1918